CORK Bibliography: MAST (Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test)
10 citations. 2003 to present
Prepared: June 2011
Cavaiola AA; Strohmetz DB; Wolf JM; Lavender NJ. Comparison of DWI offenders with non-DWI individuals on the MMPI-2 and the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. (rapid communication). Addictive Behaviors 28(5): 971-977, 2003. (21 refs.)Two groups of driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) offenders with either one DWI offense or with repeat offenses were compared to a group of nonoffenders using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) and the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Demographic information was also collected regarding their prior legal history, family history, and blood alcohol level at the time of the DWI arrest. The results indicated both DWI groups had scored significantly higher than the comparison group on the K, Psychopathic Deviate (Pd) Scale, Over-Controlled Hostility (O-H) Scale, and MacAndrews Alcoholism Scale--Revised (MAC-R). The first offenders and multiple offenders did not differ significantly from one another. On the MAST, both DWI offender groups scored significantly higher than the nonoffenders. This time, however, the multiple offenders scored significantly higher than the first-offender group. Unexpectedly, the first offenders and multiple offenders did not differ with regards to blood alcohol level at the time of arrest. There were no significant differences noted with regard to prior legal history or family history of alcoholism for all three groups. These results are discussed with regard to assessment implications.
Copyright 2003, Elsevier Science Ltd
Cremonte M; Cherpitel CJ. Performance of screening instruments for alcohol use disorders in emergency department patients in Argentina. Substance Use & Misuse 43(1): 125-138, 2008. (32 refs.)The performance of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), CAGE, Brief Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (Brief MAST), Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen ( RAPS), Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen-Quantity and Frequency (RAPS4-QF), and TWEAK was evaluated against a diagnosis of alcohol dependence and harmful drinking or alcohol abuse from ICD-10 and DSM-IV criteria. Data were collected from a probability sample of 779 patients admitted to the emergency department of a public general hospital in Mar del Plata, Argentina, during the year 2001. The majority of the patients sampled were male. The age range was 18 to 89 years, with a mean value of 36 years and a median of 31 years. Almost half of the sample had an elementary school education or less. All instruments were more sensitive for alcohol dependence than for harmful drinking or abuse and more sensitive for men than for women. Findings suggest the RAPS4 and RAPS4-QF may be preferred when screening for alcohol use disorders in the emergency department in Argentina. The study's limitations are noted.
Copyright 2008, Taylor & Francis
Gache P; Michaud P; Landry U; Accietto C; Arfaoui S; Wenger O et al. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as a screening tool for excessive drinking in primary care: Reliability and validity of a French version. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 29(11): 2001-2007, 2005. (43 refs.)Background: Excessive drinking is a major problem in Western countries. AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) is a 10-item questionnaire developed as a transcultural screening tool to detect excessive alcohol consumption and dependence in primary health care settings Objectives: The aim of the study is to validate a French version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) Methods: We conducted a validation cross-sectional study in three French-speaking areas (Paris, Geneva and Lausanne). We examined psychometric properties of AUDIT as its internal consistency, and its capacity to correctly diagnose alcohol abuse or dependence as defined by DSM-IV and to detect hazardous drinking (defined as alcohol intake > 30 g pure ethanol per day for men and > 20 g of pure ethanol per day for women). We calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and Receiver Operator Characteristic curves. Finally, we compared the ability of AUDIT to accurately detect "alcohol abuse/dependence" with that of CAGE and MAST Results: 1207 patients presenting to outpatient clinics (Switzerland, n = 580) or general practitioners' (France, n = 627) successively completed CAGE, MAST and AUDIT self-administered questionnaires, and were independently interviewed by a trained addiction specialist. AUDIT showed a good capacity to discriminate dependent patients (with AUDIT 13 for males, sensitivity 70.1%, specificity 95.2%, PPV 85.7%, NPV 94.7% and for females sensitivity 94.7%, specificity 98.2%, PPV 100%, NPV 99.8%); and hazardous drinkers (with AUDIT 7, for males sensitivity 83.5%, specificity 79.9%, PPV 55.0%, NPV 82.7% and with AUDIT >= 6 for females, sensitivity 81.2%, specificity 93.7%, PPV 64.0%, NPV 72.0%). AUDIT gives better results than MAST and CAGE for detecting "Alcohol abuse/dependence" as showed on the comparative ROC curves. Conclusions: The AUDIT questionnaire remains a good screening instrument for French-speaking primary care.
Copyright 2005, Research Society on Alcoholism
Luczak SE. Construct of alcohol problems: Invariance across religions. Dissertation Abstracts International 63(9): 4377B, 2003This study examined whether measures used to assess alcohol problems among individuals from religions with different alcohol norms capture different concepts of alcohol problems. Tests were conducted of measurement invariance (the same construct being measured across groups) with drinkers from three Mauritian religious groups with different alcohol use norms: (1) Hindus (n = 465), whose religion has only vague warnings regarding alcohol use; (2) Catholics (n = 223), whose religion condones alcohol use; and (3) Muslims (n = 59), whose religion strictly forbids alcohol use. Subjects were administered the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and factor invariance was compared among the three groups. Factor invariance was obtained for the Hindu and Catholic groups, but not for the Muslim sample. A modified model was designed to fit the Muslim data alone. Additional modeling determined that the difference in the factor structure for Muslims was not due to the predominance of males in the sample, but may have been due to the small sample size. Catholic and Hindu MAST scores could be directly and meaningfully compared, but direct comparisons to the Muslim MAST scores could not be interpreted. The establishment of measurement invariance is necessary in order to accurately assess group differences.
Copyright 2003, University Microfilms International
Mengel MB; Searight HR; Cook K. Preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies. (review). Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 19(5): 494-505, 2006. (103 refs.)Fetal alcohol exposure affects approximately 1% to 3% of live births in the United States. Family physicians are in a unique position to reduce the incidence of alcohol-exposed pregnancy. Fetal alcohol exposure can be minimized through 2 general approaches: reducing alcohol consumption or increasing effective contraception among childbearing-aged women who engage in "at-risk" drinking and encouraging pregnant women to abstain from alcohol. Although no safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is established, women who binge drink are more likely to deliver infants with physical and cognitive-developmental anomalies. Screening tools, such as quantity/frequency questions, the TWEAK and the T-ACE, developed specifically for prenatal care, are more useful with women than the CAGE and Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST). Screening alone seems to reduce alcohol use among pregnant women. Brief interventions, including education about alcohol's effects on the developing fetus, are effective among women not responding to screening. Unfortunately, many barriers exist to effective implementation of alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP) prevention in the clinical setting. Designing effective office base systems so the entire burden of implementing AEP prevention activities doesn't fall solely on the family physician is critical.
Copyright 2006, American Board of Family Medicine
Moller T; Linaker OM. Using brief self-reports and clinician scales to screen for substance use disorders in psychotic patients. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 64(2): 130-135, 2010. (31 refs.)Aims: The aims of this study were to examine evidence for the concurrent validity of two self-report measures and two staff-report measures measuring alcohol and drug problems in seriously mentally ill people and to examine if psychotic patients under-report their alcohol and drug problems in an early intervention clinic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 48 patients (26 inpatients and 22 outpatients) from an early intervention clinic for psychosis. To examine the sensitivity and specificity, we compared both the staff-report measures Clinical Alcohol Use Scale (AUS) and Clinical Drug Use Scale (DUS) and the self-report measures Short Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (SMAST-13) and Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-20), with the current ICD-10 diagnostic criteria as the gold-standard for alcohol and drug problems. To examine whether the patients under-report their alcohol and drug problems, we also compared the self-report measures SMAST-13 and DAST-20 with the staff-report measures AUS and DUS and ICD-10 consensus substance abuse diagnoses. Results: The results show that the concurrent validity compared with ICD-10 diagnoses was moderate for both the staff-report measures AUS and DUS and for the self-report measures SMAST-13 and DAST-20. Three out of seven patients under-report alcohol problems and one patient out of seven under-report drug use problems according to consensus ICD-10 substance abuse diagnoses. Conclusions: We conclude that the SMAST-13 and DAST-20 in combination with the AUS and DUS, which are easy and quick to perform, are helpful in establishing a common understanding of the patient's alcohol and drug problems in an early intervention clinic.
Copyright 2010, Taylor & Francis
Nevitt JR; Lundak J; Galardi G. Profile of adolescent alcohol offenders in two rural midwestern counties. Psychological Reports 98(2): 379-384, 2006. (25 refs.)Screening tools specifically developed for use with adolescents may be more sensitive predictors of relapse or recidivism than self-report inventories typically used to screen adults. 70 adolescents in a program for drunk drivers in two counties in southeastern Nebraska were given both the CRAFFT and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test questionnaires during routine alcohol-dependency evaluations. The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test was also given to 28 subjects selected at random. 11 boys and 6 girls did not successfully complete the program. Significant correlations obtained for AUDIT scores for both the CRAFFT (r(69) = .65, p < .01) and failure to complete diversion (r(69) = .23, p < .05). Subjects were grouped by age (18 and younger and over 18 years) and by sex. A 2 x 2 analysis of variance for scores on the AUDIT indicated significant main effects for both age (F-1,F-66 = 4.86, p < .05) and sex (F-1.66 = 5.96, p < .01). MAST and CRAFFT scores showed no age or sex differences. The AUDIT might be included in drug and alcohol assessments with similar samples of adolescents.
Copyright 2006, Psychological Reports, Inc.
Scifres SL. Screening for problematic drinking in women: Validity of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Dissertation Abstracts International 63(8): 3937B, 2003Although problematic drinking in both men and women has far-reaching consequences for society, no adequate screening method for identifying problematic drinking in women has been developed. This study examined gender differences in screening for problematic drinking using the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and also examined the reliability and validity of a Unigender version of MAST consisting of 20 items. The Unigender MAST demonstrated an internal consistency (alpha = .63), a positive predictive power (.73), and a negative predictive power (.65) in a sample of male and female college students (n = 213). It also demonstrated moderate criterion validity in relation to other measures. It is concluded that the Unigender MAST is promising as a clinically useful tool for alcohol-use disorder screening in a university setting.
Copyright 2003, University Microfilms International
Shields AL; Howell RT; Potter JS; Weiss RD. The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test and its shortened form: A meta-analytic inquiry into score reliability. Substance Use & Misuse 42(11): 1783-1800, 2007. (83 refs.)Meta-analytic methods provide a framework around which an inquiry into MAST and SMAST score reliability was completed. Of the 470 measurement opportunities observed between 1971 and 2005, 62 (13.2%) were coupled with accurate reliability information. Weighted reliability estimates centered on 80 suggesting that the MAST and SMAST generally produce scores of similar and adequate reliability for most research purposes. However, the variability of internal consistency estimates shows that at times these tools will not produce reliable scores, particularly among female and nonclinical respondents. Multiple regression equations provide practical guidelines to improve reliability estimates for the future use of these instruments.
Copyright 2007, Taylor & Francis
Teplin D; Raz B; Daiter J; Varenbut M; Tyrrell M. Screening for substance use patterns among patients referred for a variety of sleep complaints. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 32(1): 111-120, 2006. (53 refs.)Virtually all psychiatric and substance use disorders are associated with sleep disruption. Studies indicate that psychiatric disorders are related closely to chronic insomnia and that psychoactive substances have acute and chronic effects on sleep architecture. Several aspects of sleep are compromised in individuals taking these substances, ranging from difficulty initiating sleep to difficulty maintaining sleep and hypersomnia. Sleep disturbances are apparent in person taking psychoactive drugs or alcohol and have been found to persist long after withdrawing from these drugs. For some, sleep disturbance can be so severe as to reverse treatment success and precipitate relapse to addiction or dependence. There is increasing evidence that primary insomnia without a concurrent psychiatric disorder is a risk factor for later developing substance use disorders. Patients were asked to complete two brief screening tools, the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test and Drug Abuse Screening Test, to examine substance use patterns among patients referred for a variety of sleep complaints in a sleep disorders clinic. We found that patients who demonstrated a variety of sleep complaints were more likely to have alcohol and drug problems than those in the general populations.
Copyright 2006, Taylor & Francis